Portland Area Real Estate Appraisal Discussion

Home Appraisal Concerns Related to Marijuana Legalization in Oregon
October 15th, 2015 11:53 PM

Oregon Marijuana Legalization and Home Appraisal

On July 1st, recreational marijuana became legal in Oregon.  Homeowners can now lawfully have up to four plants in their home, not just for “medicinal uses”.  I am not a marijuana user, but this issue has implications for appraisers who do refinance or other lender type appraisal work in Oregon.

The problem is that although possession of marijuana is legal here in Oregon, it remains highly illegal in the eyes of federal government.  Since banks are federally regulated, and most residential loans are federally backed, banks can be subject to fines related to lending when there are illegal activities.  If you grow marijuana in your home, you may not be able to refinance your home loan.

The following is a quote from an email that A Quality Appraisal received from one bank regarding Oregon’s marijuana law.  (The name of the bank has been removed from the quote.)

“If you encounter a property with an active marijuana grow operation, please take at least one descriptive photo, complete your inspection of the property then cease work on the file and immediately contact your Appraisal Coordinator. Please do not attempt to quote our lending policy. We will take care of that and you will, of course, be compensated for the time you’ve already invested in the appraisal.”

This bank asks appraisers to record something that many homeowners may feel is extremely personal.  I think that this could be so personal that some homeowners might become violent if a photograph is taken and not explained.  Just imagine if the homeowner works for a company that would fire them if they are found growing marijuana.  An appraiser taking a photo could be in particular danger if the appraiser cannot tell the homeowner the truth about why the photo is being taken.

This leaves appraisers in a very difficult position.  Are we being turned into government watchdogs?  Does the right to privacy end if homeowners are engaged in a (locally) legal marijuana grow in (or on) private property?  Does this policy only apply to growing marijuana plants?  What about possession of legal amounts of dried buds or commercial products made from the active ingredient of marijuana, THC? 

In pondering all of the above, I have decided that perhaps the best course for the appraiser (aside from just not accepting work from such lenders) is to be very up front with homeowners.  When scheduling the inspection with a homeowner, a quick word about the implications of visible grows may just be the stich that saves nine. 

Have you dealt with this in the past?  What do you think is the best way to handle these issues?  Did I leave anything out or do you want to join in the conversation?  Let me know in the comments below.

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Thanks for reading,

Gary F. Kristensen

I am licensed in both California and Oregon and my geographic area includes Siskiyou CA and Jackson and Josephine Counties in Oregon. The number of grows has increased dramatically in this area. This winter on several properties I see evidence of a grow but no plants. Do I report that activity. Some lender now are beginning to require a statement contained within the appraisal that no commercial or agricultural activity was observed. I can only assume they mean marijuana but do not come right out and say so.

Posted by David Rasmussen on June 15th, 2016 9:52 PM
David, thank you for the great question. Grey areas are always difficult. Since appraisers are just reporters, I prefer to document and leave grey areas up to the client. A phone call to the client would probably be a good thing to protect the appraiser from liability, but I recognize that it puts the appraiser in an awkward position with the homeowner.

Posted by Gary Kristensen on June 15th, 2016 11:50 PM
Thanks for sharing..

Do you do appraisals of property used for cannabis?

Posted by Ross Day on December 22nd, 2016 7:32 PM
Hi Ross, We have done many appraisals of homes that have some personal cannabis growing in them. However, we do not do homes that have large scale growing where there have been significant modifications to the home.

Posted by Gary Kristensen on December 23rd, 2016 11:59 AM


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